Spam messages are unsolicited or unwanted messages that are sent in bulk through various communication channels such as email, text messages, social media, and instant messaging platforms. These messages are typically sent by individuals or organizations to a large number of recipients who have not given their consent to receive them.

Spam messages can take many forms, including advertisements for products or services, phishing scams, fraudulent offers, and malware-containing attachments. They are often sent with the intention of tricking recipients into clicking on a link, providing personal information, or downloading malicious software.

What Are Spam Texts?

Unsolicited commercial email, or “spam,” is a term for this type of communication. Spam SMS rarely originates from another phone. These communications typically start on a computer and are then forwarded to your phone via email or IM. 

Scammers can easily and cheaply transmit these messages via the internet. As a numbers game, spamming is about reaching as many people as possible with as few responses.

Types of Spam Messages

Spam messages come in different forms. Some common types of spam messages include:

  • Phishing Scams: Fake emails or websites that trick users into revealing their personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers.
  • Nigerian Prince Scams: Promise large sums of money in exchange for a small initial investment or personal information. The name “Nigerian Prince” originated from early email scams in Nigeria.
  • Lottery/Prize Scams: Inform the recipient that they have won a large sum of money or a valuable prize, but require a fee to claim it.
  • Health and Supplement Scams: Promote miracle cures or dietary supplements that are often ineffective and may be harmful.
  • Investment Scams: Promise high returns on investment with little or no risk, but in reality, they are just a way to steal money from unsuspecting victims.
  • Work-from-Home Scams: Offer jobs that can be done from home, but require payment for training materials or background checks.
  • Fake Charities: Pretend to be legitimate charities and ask for donations, but the money goes to the scammer instead of the intended cause.
  • Debt Reduction Scams: Promise to help lower or eliminate debt, but they take the victim’s money without help.
  • Tech Support Scams: Pretend to be from a well-known technology company and claim a problem with the recipient’s computer needs immediate attention.
  • Email Chain Letters: Emails that ask the recipient forwarded to a certain number of people to receive good luck or money. They often include false promises and could be a better use of time.

How to Minimize Spam Messages With Email Authentication?  

Email authentication is a security measure that helps you verify the sender of an email message. It ensures that a legitimate source sends the message.

On January 16, 2023, the United States was responsible for almost eight billion of the world’s ten billion spam emails. The Czech Republic and the Netherlands followed closely behind, coming in at number two and three, with 7.7 and 7.6 billion. ~Statista

There are several types of email authentication, including DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM), Sender Policy Framework (SPF), Domain-based Message Authentication Reporting and Conformance (DMARC), and DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM).

The two most popular methods are DKIM and SPF. These two methods work together to prevent spammers from abusing your domain.

  • DomainKeys Identified Mail (DKIM) verifies that a legitimate source sent an email message. It uses public key cryptography and cryptographic signatures to ensure that an email has not been tampered with during transit or in the storage on the recipient’s server.
  • Sender Policy Framework (SPF) relies on digital signatures for email transmission, indicating whether or not the sending server had access to the original message before it was sent outbound from their system.

How to Prevent Spam Messages?

Spam messages are a nuisance, but it’s also an industry. Spammers spend a lot of time, money, and effort on their craft. They’re constantly evolving tactics to fool you into clicking on their links or handing over your personal information.

You can, however, protect yourself from spam messages. And if you’re careful, it could save you money.

Here are five ways to prevent spam messages:

Use Spam Filters

Many email services offer spam filters that will scan your incoming messages and attempt to identify which ones are junk mail and which are legitimate. The more often you receive spam and mark it as such, the better these filters will become at identifying it in the future.

Related Read: Do you need DMARC if you use a spam filter? 

Be Careful with Email Addresses

Don’t give out your email address on websites or applications unless you trust them. Some companies use this information to send out promotional emails without your permission. If someone asks for your email address, ask why they need it before giving it out, just in case their intentions aren’t honorable.

Avoid Clicking on Suspicious Links

Many spam messages contain links that lead to websites that host malware or other viruses. If you see an email with an unknown sender that contains a link, do not click on it — even if it looks legitimate. Instead, delete the message without opening it or clicking on the phishing link and report it as junk mail.

Keep Personal Information Private

Avoid sharing sensitive data like birthdays or social security numbers in communication unless necessary (like when making purchases online). Don’t include this information in attachments or subject lines of emails because spammers could use it for identity theft.

Be Cautious With Free Trials

Many websites send out free trials to get users hooked on their service. But these trials may come with hidden costs, such as additional fees for data usage or even automatic monthly subscriptions that continue after the trial ends unless they’re canceled before the trial period ends.

Keep Software Up-to-Date

If you have software that needs updating — like Windows updates or new versions of your browser — make sure those updates happen automatically without prompting you every time they become available. This way, hackers won’t be able to take advantage of vulnerabilities in older versions of those applications that could allow them access to your computer or personal information contained therein (such as passwords or credit card numbers).

Phishing Vs Spam: These are two common types of email messages that you might receive. Both are designed to trick you into taking action you wouldn’t normally take, such as opening an attachment or clicking on a link.

Spam vs. phishing — While these terms are often used interchangeably, they have slightly different meanings.

But what exactly do “spam” and “phishing” mean? We’ll go into great detail concerning spam vs. phishing in this essay. We’ll also discuss how spam differs from phishing regarding emails, calls, and texts.

What Is Spam?

Spam is a term for unwanted or unsolicited email messages. Spam is generally defined as email messages sent in bulk to many people who don’t want them. This includes emails that are deceptive, misleading, or fraudulent; most Internet users regard spam as an undesirable factor in online communication.

What Is Phishing?

Phishing is a type of fraud that uses email messages to trick people into revealing their personal information, such as passwords and credit card numbers. Phishing combines the words “fishing” and “whaling,” which describes sending emails to specific individuals to obtain sensitive information.

Phishing vs Spam: Comparison Overview



When users click on a phishing link, they are prompted to disclose their private information, such as bank details, social security numbers, etc. Mostly junk newsgroup postings about advertising a product,
Not limited to emails only, but also calls, text messages, and social media messages. Commercial advertising in the form of unsolicited emails
Begins with a lure that appears to be from legitimate sources. Unsolicited, unwanted emails flooding the inbox

Phishing vs Spam: Key Differences

Both phishing and spam are forms of social engineering — ways to trick people into giving up their personal information. While they may seem similar, they have distinct differences.

Techniques in Phishing vs Spam

The primary difference between phishing and spam is how they’re delivered to your inbox:

Phishing emails often appear to come from trustworthy sources like banks or retailers and often have realistic-looking logos and images in their attachments or embedded within the body of their messages. Spam messages are usually easily identified as junk because they contain misspellings and grammatical errors. They also include generic subject lines such as “check this out” or “this could make you money” or other red flags such as poor formatting or broken links in the body of their messages.

The objective of Phishing vs Spam

Phishing aims to get users to enter their login information by tricking them into believing that a fake site is legitimate. Spam seeks to get you to click on an email and go to a website that generates revenue for the spammer.

So what makes a phishing email different from other spam emails?

Here are some things you can look for in an email:

  • The sender is not who they say they are. If the sender claims to be an executive or someone else in your company, it’s likely a fake. The person who sent the email may not even work for your company.
  • The email contains an attachment or link that asks you to provide sensitive information (Social Security number, passwords).
  • The message asks you to change any passwords or update software that only IT support would normally handle.
  • There’s no clear purpose for why someone would send this type of message (it’s just vague).

Spam vs Phishing: Voice Messages and Phone Calls

Using email and phone calls to get personal information from you is very similar to spam and phishing. Both have some key differences, however.

With spam, you usually get an email from someone with your email address. These emails typically contain a link to a website that wants you to provide your personal information. These include credit card numbers, bank account information, and social security numbers. In 2022 alone, 8.16 Billion spam emails were sent in the US. 

Phishing is similar, but it uses phone calls instead of emails. Phishing scammers will call you pretending to be from your bank or credit card company, saying there is a problem with your account or they need you to confirm some information over the phone. This can often lead to things like credit card scams, identity theft and your data being sold on the dark web. 

Spam vs Phishing: Which is More Dangerous?

It can be difficult to tell which one is more dangerous because they both have the potential to cause identity theft or financial loss. The best way to protect yourself against either is by not giving out any personal information over the phone or email if you don’t know who sent it!

How To Protect From Phishing?

Here’s how to protect yourself from phishing:

  • Antiphishing solutions monitor emails and websites for suspicious activity, such as links that lead to malicious sites. These programs can block these links, which helps prevent victims from falling prey to phishing scams. Use Antiphishing solutions by PowerDMARC and protect yourself.
  • Use DMARC: Domain-based Message Authentication, Reporting & Conformance (DMARC) is a service within the Domain Name System that allows organizations to identify and manage spoofed email domains.
  • When an organization receives a message from an unknown sender with an invalid From address, the message is relayed to the sender. So they can confirm that their address was used in error. The sender will then modify their message to prevent future delivery attempts by sending it again with a valid From address.
  • If a message fails DMARC verification, it is not routed through your mail server and, therefore, never reaches your users or customers. This helps ensure that legitimate messages are not blocked by spam filters built into webmail clients or other third-party services.
  • Don’t click on the suspicious link: This tip is simple but effective! Do not do it if you see an email or other message asking you to click on a link or download an attachment! Instead, delete the message or ignore it.

How To Protect From Spam?

The first step in protecting your email from spam is using the same SPF and DKIM keys on all your domains.

SPF: SPF stands for Sender Policy Framework and is a way to tell mail servers that send messages on behalf of an organization which emails are legitimate and which are not. The most common type of SPF record (i.e., one that applies to all domains) is called a “full” SPF record (or “all-domain” SPF record).

The full version of the standard says that if you have a domain with MX records, you should use your domain’s name as the address in email headers. This will prevent spoofing attacks by attackers pretending to be your company or sending out fraudulent notifications that appear as if they came from you.

DKIM: It stands for DomainKeys Identified Mail and enables users of an email service (such as Gmail) to sign their emails with their private key, making it easier for the recipient to identify whether an email was sent by them or someone else. This can be used together with SPF to help prevent spoofed emails from coming from your domain.

Never Respond to Any Spam: Don’t respond to spam messages or emails asking you to click on links or attachments. This can install malware or viruses on your computer that allow hackers to take control of your device.

Use Anti-spam Filters: Use anti-spam filters when possible. These help block most junk mail from reaching your inbox using algorithms based on keywords and phrases in the message body. They’re not perfect, but they can significantly reduce the amount of junk mail you receive. Using a small business VOIP can help you automatically filter out robocalls and similar spam businesses receive daily.


The two most prevalent risks to information security on the internet are phishing and spam, representing the shadow side of all the technological advancements we now take for granted. Every business today operates online, and the globe has unparalleled power and dependence thanks to the internet. Therefore, cybersecurity is a requirement sine qua non.

The most common internet security risks today are spamming and phishing, both of which pose a risk to the integrity of the online community. Phishing is a method of commercial advertising that uses unsolicited emails to trick customers into providing sensitive information like credit card numbers, account passwords, and social security numbers. The best thing is to use anti-phishing solutions by PowerDMARC to protect yourself from severe phishing attacks.