How long does it take for DNS to update?

A lot of people wonder how long does it take for DNS to update or propagate. The answer depends on several factors, including the type of server you’re using and where the change is being made.

The most important thing to know about how long it takes for DNS changes to propagate is that it varies from one location to another. It’s possible that your DNS provider’s servers may not be able to update their records as quickly as you’d like them to, or maybe they’re just running more slowly than you are. 

In any case, here are some general guidelines:

  • Servers: If you’re using a local DNS server on your computer or smartphone, you probably won’t have any trouble with updates (unless they’re too frequent). You’ll want to check in with your provider periodically and make sure everything’s still working well.
  • Cloud providers: Cloud providers use other servers across the globe so that they can offer faster access times than local servers do. They also have additional overhead costs associated with maintaining these servers and keeping them up-to-date with current traffic demand levels; this means that changes may take longer. 

How do DNS updates take place?

DNS updates are a little bit different than other updates.

They’re not propagated in the same way as other updates. Instead, they propagate by way of zone transfers. Zone transfers are a process that allows for one DNS server to send an update to another DNS server that is currently authoritative for that zone. The authoritative server then notifies its secondary servers about the update and it will propagate.

This means that there is no need for all the servers in your environment to have a full understanding of the changes made by your DNS update before they can be fully replicated throughout your network. This can help ensure that you don’t have any issues with zone transfer latency or performance issues as you’re trying to get your updates delivered across your network quickly and efficiently!

What is DNS propagation?

DNS propagation is the process by which a domain name’s DNS server responds to queries for the domain, and is usually a result of the name servers being authoritative for each other. DNS propagation can be slow, sometimes taking hours or even days. 

How long does it take for DNS to update? Factors affecting DNS propagation

  • The distance between the client and the server
  • The type and number of DNS records on the client and server
  • The amount of traffic between the client and server
  • The quality of connectivity between the client and server
  • The type of connection between your server and the DNS server.
  • The location of your server relative to other DNS servers in the world (the closer they are, the better).
  • How much traffic is going through those connections at any given time (the more people who use them, the better).

What is the relation between DNS updates and TTL (Time To Live)?

A TTL (Time To Live) is a number that determines the amount of time a record will stay active. When you send a DNS update, you specify how long your record should be checked for updates before being removed from the DNS server and replaced with a new one.

If you’re configuring a DMARC record, the appropriate TTL is 1 hour or 3600 seconds. 

When you send a DNS update, you’re telling your DNS server that you’re changing something. This can either be adding or removing something from the record itself (for example, if you add a hostname), or it could be changing an IP address of an existing hostname (for example, if there’s been some sort of problem with that IP address). The TTL is set so that when this happens (when your TTL expires), it will automatically remove the old information from its database and replace it with the new one and then return it to its original status so that anyone who tries to access it will see what they should see instead.

DNS update errors and their troubleshooting

Whenever your DNS server and the server that handles DNS requests for your website are not communicating with each other, your site and all of its visitors may experience DNS errors. These can be caused by several factors:

  1. The IP address used by your server is not listed in the DNS server’s records.
  2. The IP address used by your server has recently been changed but has not been updated in the DNS servers’ records yet.
  3. Your server is down or otherwise unreachable (for example, if it’s on the wrong network).

DNS timeouts are a common problem for many people, but it’s not always clear what causes them. The most common reason for DNS timeouts is that your DNS server isn’t responding to requests from your devices in the network.

How to troubleshoot DNS timeouts

  1. The first thing you can try is to check your router or modem to see if they’re configured correctly. If they’re not, you’ll need to contact your ISP and ask them how they’re configured on their end.
  2. Another option would be to change the DNS settings on your computer or smartphone to use a “resolved name” instead of an IP address. If this doesn’t work, there could be something wrong with the way your device has been set up (like missing firmware updates).

How long does it take for DNS records to update?

In short, your DNS can take up to 72 hours to update your DMARC record, but in most cases, it gets updated within less than 24 hours. 

When you’re enabling DMARC, make sure your TXT record is error-free, points to the right subdomain, and has reporting enabled for monitoring purposes. To make the most out of the protocol and decrease the effort involved in maintenance and configuration, get a DMARC analyzer to do the work for you!

Popular questions on DNS updates [ANSWERED]

How long does it take for GoDaddy DNS to update? 

According to GoDaddy, updates usually take a few hours to process and propagate post modification.

Maximum time: 48 hours (in case of errors).

How long does it take for Google’s DNS to update?

Google’s DNS changes are usually propagated within 48 hours, which can extend up to 72 hours in some special cases like technical errors and timeouts.

How long does it take for Cloudflare DNS to update?

Usually, changes made in your Cloudflare DNS zone file are updated within 5 minutes (or less), however, it might take longer depending on your local DNS cache.